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  1) It is demanded / necessary / a pity + that…结构中的主语从句的谓语动词要用should 加动词原形, should 可省略。



  (2)important that…+ (should) do

  (3) a pity

  (1)suggested, ordered, proposed, required, demanded, requested, insisted; + (should) do

  (2)important, necessary, natural, strange

  a pity, a shame, no wonder

  (3)It is suggested that we (should) hold a meeting next week.

  It is necessary that he (should) come to our meeting tomorrow.



  order, suggest, propose, require, demand, request, insist, command, insist + (should) do

  I suggest that we (should) hold a meeting next week.

  He insisted that he (should ) be sent there.

  注意: 如suggest, insist不表示“建议” 或“坚持要某人做某事时”,即它们用于其本意“暗示、表明”、“坚持认为”时,宾语从句用陈述语气。

  The guard at gate insisted that everybody obey the rules.


  在suggestion, proposal, idea, plan, order, advice等名词后面的表语从句、同位语从句中要用虚拟语气,即(should)+动词原形。

  My idea is that we (should) get more people to attend the conference.

  I make a proposal that we (should) hold a meeting next week.

  Just for today 就为了今天

  Just for today I will try to live through this day only and not tackle my whole life problem at once. I can do something for twelve hours that would appall me if I had to keep it up for a lifetime.

  Just for today I will be happy. This assumes to be true what Abraham Lincoln said,that “Most folks are as happy as they make up their minds to be.”

  Just for today I will adjust myself to what is, and not try to adjust everything to my own desires. I will take my “luck” as it comes.

  Just for today I will try to strengthen my mind. I will study. I will learn something useful. I will not be a mental loafer. I will read something that requires effort, thought and concentration.

  Just for today I will exercise my soul in three ways. I will do somebody a good turn and not get found out: If anybody knows of it, it will not count. I will do at least two things I don’t want to do—just for exercise. I will not show anyone that my feelings are hurt: they may be hurt, but today I will not show it.

  Just for today I will be agreeable. I will look as well as I can, dress becomingly, talk low, act courteously, criticize not one bit,and try not to improve or regulate anybody but myself.

  Just for today I will have a program, I may not follow it exactly, but I will have it. I will save myself from two pests: hurry and indecision.

  Just for today I will have a quiet half hour all by myself and relax. During this half hour, sometime, I will try to get a better perspective of my life.

  Just for today I will be unafraid. Especially I will not be afraid to enjoy what is beautiful,and to believe that as I give to the world, so the world will give to me.










  youth 青春

  Youth is not a time of life; it is a state of mind. It is not a matter of rosy cheeks, red lips and supple knees. It is a matter of the will, a quality of the imagination, vigor of the emotions; it is the freshness of the deep spring of life.

  Youth means a temperamental predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease. This often exits in a man of 60, more than a boy of 20.nobody grows merely by the number of years; we grow old by deserting our ideas. Years may wrinkle the skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the soul. Worry, fear, self-distrust1 bows the heart and turns the spirit back to dust.

  Whether 60 or 16, there is in every human being’s heart the lure of wonders, the unfailing childlike appetite of what’s next and the joy of the game of living. In the center of your heart and my heart there is a wireless station; so long as it receives messages of beauty, hope, cheer, courage and power from men and from infinite, so long as you are young.

  When the aerials are down, and your spirit is covered with the snows of cynicism and the ice of pessimism, then you’ve grown old, even at 20, but as long as your aerials are up, to catch waves of optimism, there’s hope you may die young at 80.







  Today I shed my old skin which hath, too long, suffered the bruises of failure and the wounds of mediority.

  Today I am born anew and my birthplace is a vineyard where there is fruit for all.

  Today I will pluck grapes of wisdom from the tallest and fullest vines in the vineyard,for these were planted by the wisest of my profession who have come before me,generation upon generation.

  Today I will savor the taste of grapes from these vines and verily I will swallow the seed of success buried in each and new life will sprout within me.

  The career I have chosen is laden with opportunity yet it is fraught with heartbreak and despair and the bodies of those who have failed, were they piled one atop another, would cast a shadow down upon all the pyramids of the earth.

  Yet I will not fail, as the others, for in my hands I now hold the charts which will guide through perilous waters to shores which only yesterday seemed but a dream.

  Failure no longer will be my payment for struggle. Just as nature made no provision for my body to tolerate pain neither has it made any provision for my life to suffer failure. Failure, like pain, is alien to my life. In the past I accepted it as I accepted pain. Now I reject it and I am prepared for wisdom and principles which will guide me out of the shadows into the sunlight of wealth, position, and happiness far beyond my most extravagant dreams until even the golden apples in the Garden of Hesperides will seem no more than my just reward.

  Time teaches all things to him who lives forever but I have not the luxury of eternity. Yet within my allotted time I must practice the art of patience for nature acts never in haste. To create the olive, king of all trees, a hundred years is required. An onion plant is old in nine weeks. I have lived as an onion plant. It has not pleased me. Now I wouldst become the greatest of olive trees and, in truth, the greatest of salesman.

  And how will this be accomplished? For I have neither the knowledge nor the experience to achieve the greatness and already I have stumbled in ignorance and fallen into pools of self-pity. The answer is simple. I will commence my journey unencumbered with either the weight of unnecessary knowledge or the handicap of meaningless experience. Nature already has supplied me with knowledge and instinct far greater than any beast in the forest and the value of experience is overrated, usually by old men who nod wisely and speak stupidly.

  In truth, experience teaches thoroughly yet her course of instruction devours men’s years so the value of her lessons diminishes with the time necessary to acquire her special wisdom. The end finds it wasted on dead men. Furthermore, experience is comparable to fashion; an action that proved successful today will be unworkable and impractical tomorrow.

  Only principles endure and these I now possess, for the laws that will lead me to greatness are contained in the words of these scrolls. What they will teach me is more to prevent failure than to gain success, for what is success other than a state of mind? Which two, among a thouand wise men, will define success in the same words; yet failure is always described but one way. Failure is man’s inability to reach his goals in life, whatever they may be.

  In truth, the only difference between those who have failed and those who have successed lies in the difference of their habits. Good habits are the key to all success. Bad habits are the unlocked door to failure. Thus, the first law I will obey, which precedeth all others is –I will form good habits and become their slave.

  As a child I was slave to my impulses; now I am slave to my habits, as are all grown men. I have surrendered my free will to the years of accumulated habits and the past deeds of my life have already marked out a path which threatens to imprison my future. My actions are ruled by appetite, passion, prejudice, greed, love, fear, environment, habit, and the worst of these tyrants is habit. Therefore, if I must be a slave to habit let me be a slave to good habits. My bad habits must be destroyed and new furrows prepared for good seed.

  I will form good habits and become their slave.

  And how will I accomplish this difficult feat? Through these scrolls, it will be done, for each scroll contains a principle which will drive a bad habit from my life and replace it with one which will bring me closer to success. For it is another of nature’s laws that only a habit can subdue another habit. So, in order for these written words to perform their chosen task, I must discipline myself with the first of my new habits which is as follows:

  I will read each scroll for thirty days in this prescribed manner, before I proceed to the next scroll.

  First, I will read the words in silence when I arise. Then, I will read the words in silence after I have partaken of my midday meal. Last, I will read the words again just before I retire at day’s end, and most important, on this occasion I will read the words aloud.

  On the next day I will repeat this procedure, and I will continue in like manner for thirty days. Then, I will turn to the next scroll and repeat this procedure for another thirty days. I will continue in this manner until I have lived with each scroll for thirty days and my reading has become habit.

  And what will be accomplished with this habit? Herein lies the hidden secret of all man’s accomplishments. As I repeat the words daily they will soon become a part of my active mind, but more important, they will also seep into my other mind, that mysterious source which never sleeps, which creates my dreams, and often makes me act in ways I do not comprehend.

  As the words of these scrolls are consumed by my mysterious mind I will begin to awake, each morning, with a vitality I have never known before. My vigor will increase, my enthusiasm will rise, my desire to meet the world will overcome every fear I once knew at sunrise, and I will be happier than I ever believed it possible to be in this world of strife and sorrow.

  Eventually I will find myself reacting to all situations which confront me as I was commanded in the scrolls to react, and soon these actions and reactions will become easy to perform, for any act with practice becomes easy.

  Thus a new and good habit is born, for when an act becomes easy through constant repetiton it becomes a pleasure to perform and if it is a pleasure to perform it is man’s nature to perform it often. When I perform it often it becomes a habit and I become its slave and since it is a good habit this is my will.

  Today I begin a new life.

  And I make a solemn oath to myself that nothing will retard my new life’s growth. I will lose not a day from these readings for that day cannot be retrieved nor can I substitute another for it. I must not , I will not, break this habit of daily reading from these scrolls and, in truth, the few moments spent each day on this new habit are but a small price to pay for the happiness and success that will be mine.

  As I read and re-read the words in the scrolls to follow, never will I allow the brevity of each scroll nor the simplicity of its words to cause me to treat the scroll’s message lightly. Thousands of grapes are pressed to fill one jar with wine, and the grapeskin and pulp are tossed to the birds. So it is with these grapes of wisdom from the ages. Much has been filtered and tossed to the wind.Only the pure truth lies distilled in the words to come. I will drink as instructed and spill not a drop. And the seed of success I will swallow.

  Today my old skin has become as dust. I will walk tall among men and they will know me not , for today I am a new man, with a new life.








  失败不再是我奋斗的代价.它和痛苦都将从我的生命中消失。失败和我,就像水火一样,互不相容。我不再像过去一样接受它们。我要在智慧的指引下,走出失败的阴影,步入富足、健康、快乐的乐园,这些都超出了我以往的梦想。 我要是能长生不老,就可以学到一切,但我不能永生,所以,在有限的人生里,我必须学会忍耐的艺术,因为大自然的行为一向是从容不迫的.造物主创造树中之王橄摊树需要一百年的时间,而洋葱经过短短的九个星期就会枯老。我不留恋从前那种洋葱式的生活,我要成为万树之王——橄榄树,成为现实生活中最伟大的推销员。




  小时候.我常会感情用事,长大成人了,我要用良好的习惯代替一时的冲动。我的自由意志屈服于多年养成的恶习,它们威胁着我的前途。我的行为受到品味、情感、偏见、欲望、爱、恐惧、环境和习惯的影响,其中最厉害的就是习惯。因此.如果我必须受习惯支配的话,那就让我受好习惯的支配。那些坏习惯必须戒除,我要在新的田地里播种好的种子。 我要养成良好的习惯,全心全意去实行。


  每张羊皮卷用三十天的`时间阅读,然后再进人下一卷。 清晨即起,默默诵读;午饭之后,再次默读;夜晚睡前,高声朗读。



  当这些羊皮卷上的文字,被我奇妙的心灵完全吸收之后,我每天都会充满活力地醒来。我从来没有这样精力充沛过。我更有活力,更有热情,要向世界挑战的欲望克服了一切恐惧与不安。在这个充满争斗和悲伤的世界里,我竟然比以前更快活。 最后,我会发现自己有了应付一切情况的办法。不久,这些办法就能运用自如.因为,任何方法,只要多练习,就会变得简单易行。



  我郑重地发誓,绝不让任何事情妨碍我新生命的成长。在阅读这些羊卷的时候,我绝不浪费一天的时间,因为时光一去不返,失去的日子是无法弥补的。我也绝不打破每天阅读的习惯。事实上,每天在这些新习惯上花费少许时间,相对于可能获得的愉乐与成功而言,只是微不足道的代价。 当我阅读羊皮卷中的字句时,绝不能出为文字的精炼而忽视内容的深沉。一瓶葡萄美酒需要千百颗果子酿制而成,果皮和渣子抛给小鸟。葡萄的智慧代代相传,有些被过滤,有些被淘汰,随风飘逝。只有纯正的真理才是永恒的。它们就精炼在我要阅读的文字中。我要依照指示,绝不浪费,饮下成功的种子。


  比较if only与only if

  only if表示“只有”;if only则表示“如果……就好了”。If only也可用于陈述语气。

  I wake up only if the alarm clock rings. 只有闹钟响了,我才会醒。

  If only the alarm clock had rung.当时闹钟响了,就好了。

  If only he comes early.但愿他早点回来。

  Does Your Dog Bite

  There was a hound dog laying in the yard. An old man in overalls was sitting on the porch. “Excuse me, sir, but does your dog bite?” the tourist asked.

  The old man replied, “Nope.”

  So the tourist stepped out of his car. The dog ran over snarling and growling and bit him on his arms and legs. As the dog was dragging him away the tourist was flailing around in the dust and yelled, “I thought you said your dog didn’t bite!”

  The old man replied, “Ain’t my dog.”

  Motto for a Positive Outlook 积极人生座右铭

  Refuse to be unhappy, be cheerful instead. 拒绝心情不快,时刻神采飞扬。

  Refuse to let your troubles multiply, just take them one by one. 别让问题堆积如山,一个一个着手解决。

  Organize your time, keep your life simple and exactly the way you want it. 做时间的主人,以自己喜欢的方式简单地生活。

  Refuse to complain about things, learn to improve your surroundings and create your world the way you believe it should be. 不要抱怨,学习如何改善环境,创造你的理想世界。

  Refuse to dwell on the mistakes or disappointments that are sometimes a part of life, instead learn how you can make things better. 不要沉湎于错误和失望中难以自拔,有时它们是生活不可或缺的组成部分,学会从中吸取教训,下次做得更好。

  Be optimistic. 保持乐观。

  Be energetic and positive about the things you do, and always hope for the best. 保持旺盛精力和积极心态,追求完美。

  Believe in yourself at all times and in all aspects of your life. 相信自己,时时刻刻,事事处处。

  Before you know it, those wonderful dreams you have believed in all your life will come true, and your life will be the happy and successful life that it was meant to be. 等你明白这一切,生命中的美好愿望都将实现。生活将如你所愿,快乐幸福并且成功。











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